What is Sentence? 4 Types of Sentences with Examples

Sentences are the building blocks of a well-written piece. They convey meaning and information and can be either declarative or interrogative. A sentence is a group of words that are put together to form a complete thought.

Sentences are made up of one or more clauses. A clause is a group of words, phrases, or clauses that acts as a complete thought or idea on its own.

It’s the basic unit of language that is used to express thoughts, ideas, and feelings.

Types of Sentences

There are four types of sentences in English grammar: declarative, exclamatory, imperative, and interrogative. Each type of sentence serves a different purpose.

Now that you know the four types of sentences in English grammar, let’s take a closer look at each one.

Declarative Sentences

Declarative sentences make a statement. They can be either positive or negative.

Positive declarative sentences are not followed by a period. Negative declarative sentences are followed by a period.


  • Positive: The sun is shining.
  • Negative: It is not raining.

Exclamatory Sentences

Exclamatory sentences express strong emotion. They are always followed by an exclamation point.


  • Wow! That was amazing!
  • I can’t believe we won!

Imperative Sentences

Imperative sentences give a command. They can also be used to make a request.

Imperative sentences are always followed by a period.


  • Stand up straight.
  • Please be quiet.

Interrogative Sentences

Interrogative sentences ask a question. They always end with a question mark.


  • Do you like ice cream?
  • How old are you?

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